School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) Implementation Study


School-wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (SWPBIS) is a framework designed to enhance students’ understanding of expectations of student behavior in all aspects of school. Within the framework, schools adopt rules and expectations based on their specific needs. Staff members and students are taught the expected strategies and behaviors so that everyone in the school has consistent expectations for appropriate behavior across different contexts (e.g., in classrooms, the lunchroom, and restrooms).

As part of the SWPBIS program, teachers and students develop a consistent understanding of the disciplinary responses that are appropriate for inappropriate behaviors. The goal of the SWPBIS approach is that  that a school-wide shared understanding of appropriate behaviors and consistent disciplinary responses will result in a decrease in problem behaviors, a decrease in office disciplinary referrals and suspensions, increased student engagement (including increased student attendance), and increased student perception of school safety. The framework uses a three-tiered system. At the Tier 1 level, school staff use strategies aimed at addressing the needs of all students. At the Tier 2 level, school staff use more targeted interventions aimed at students who are at risk of engaging in problematic behavior (or who have already been engaging in problematic behavior).  At the Tier 3 level, school staff use targeted strategies to support students engaging in problematic behaviors who have not been adequately supported by Tier1 and Tier 2 approaches.  More information about the SWPBIS approach is available at:

About the Evaluation

During the 2016-17 school year, SDP implemented SWPBIS in 40 schools, with support from a range of funders and partners. The yearly evaluation by ORE focuses on fidelity of implementation in the participating schools as well as outcomes of attendance, suspensions, expulsions, and achievement.

For More Information

2015-16 SWPBIS Study Summary 

2016-17 SWPBIS Implementation Update