The four surveys (student, parent & guardian, teacher, and principal) measure five key constructs, or topics, related to school improvement:
- Climate — Areas affecting the school environment: school mission and vision, respectful relationships, student safety and support, and challenges to student learning.
- Instruction — Student engagement and how students, parents/guardians, and teachers feel about the quality of teaching and learning at their school.
- Leadership — How school leaders communicate and implement their school vision, how they manage their responsibilities, and how they perceive their level of autonomy.
- Professional Capacity — How school staff work together, what types of professional development teachers receive, and if teachers feel supported in growing and innovating in their classrooms.
- Parent/Guardian-Community Ties — How schools reach out to and communicate with parents/guardians, what parents/guardians think about these efforts, and how parents/guardians are getting involved with their child’s education.
Additionally, each of the five main constructs is comprised of sub-constructs that can be used for a closer look at specific areas where leaders and stakeholders might target their attention. For many (but not all) constructs, the surveys ask similar questions of multiple respondent groups (e.g., teachers, students, and parents/guardians) to allow comparison of different views.