The Exemplary Teaching Video Library is a professional development tool comprised of curated videos showing concrete examples of great teaching and learning practices in our district. See the key below for descriptions of categories to help you find the best example, and guiding questions embedded in each post to help deepen your understanding of each observable technique. Enjoy learning from your colleagues!

Videos are categorized by Danielson domain and individual tags.  Select a domain below to view videos within that domain.  You can browse within the domain, or select a tag from the dropdown menu to select more more specific content (by grade level, content area, time of year, etc.)

The components in Domain 1 outline how a teacher organizes the content of what students are expected to learn, or how the teacher designs instruction.  These include: demonstrating knowledge of content and pedagogy, demonstrating knowledge of students, setting instructional outcomes, demonstrating knowledge of resources, designing coherent instruction, and designing student assessments.

Why Number Talks?

Deidre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary, 1st Grade To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Partner Talk during Number Talks Whole Group Discussion

Whole Group Discussion in a Number Talk

Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Partner Talk during Number Talks Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

Using the Intellectual Prep Process to Plan Lessons using SLSO

Christopher Frazer, Woodrow Wilson, 8th Grade ELA

Using Technology to Engage English Language Learners

Leira Rodriguez, Frankford High School, 9th-12th English Language Development

Using Metacognition to Reinforce Comprehension Skills

Stacy Dougherty, Clara Barton Elementary, 1st Grade

Using Mental Math to Calculate Doubles

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Using Desmos in Math Virtual Lessons

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Using Data & Planning for Differentiation

  Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Using Asynchronous Responses to Inform Synchronous Instruction

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Using a Small Group to Differentiate

Caitlin Nelson, Hon. Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary School

Using a Hook to Introduce Letter Writing

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Unpacking the Objective

Katie Schweitzer, Fels High School, Arts II

The Role of Equity in the 2nd Grade Classroom

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Text Anticipation with Poetry

Jenna Beck, Vare-Washington Elementary

Teaching Phonemic Awareness

Katrina Culley, Laura Waring, Kindergarten Phonics

Teaching College Budget Creation

Jessica Way, Franklin Learning Center

Teaching Autistic Support in High School

Leah Henry-Beauchamp, West Philadelphia High School, Autistic Support

Teacher Model: How to Write a Letter

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Teacher Interview- Math IPP

Carrie Pacini, Feltonville Intermediate, 5th grade math

Supporting Students to Make Sense of Text

Jillian McManus, Vare-Washington Elementary  

Supporting Student Learning in a Small Group

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Supporting English Language Learners

Katie Schweitzer, Fels High School, Arts II  

Student Engagement in Phenomenon-Based Learning

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Strategies for Student Engagement

Laura Nicholas, Richard Wright, 1st Grade Spanish

Steps for Close Reading

Sheila Myers, Lamberton Elementary, 6th grade, ELA

Social Equity in the Classroom

Leira Rodriguez, Frankford High School, 9th-12th English Language Development

Small Vocabulary Skills Build to a Bigger Picture

Augusto Heinerici, Baldi Middle School

Setting the Purpose for Reading

Judith Longello. Pennypacker Elementary, Kindergarten

Setting High Expectations for Students

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Setting Clear Expectations

Eric Gold, Morrison Elementary, Middle School Science

Sequencing Questions

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Scaffolding Talk Moves

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Scaffolding Models

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Reviewing Vocabulary with Turn and Talk

Meg Merlini, McCall Elementary, 4th Grade

Read Aloud in Pre-K

Patti Pedrick, McKinley Head Start, Pre-K

Rapport and Encouragement

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1  

Providing Students with Access to Grade Level Text

Christopher Frazer, Woodrow Wilson, 8th Grade ELA

Productive Struggle in Phenomenon-Based Learning

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Preparing for Discussion

Krista Ruddick, Edison High School, ELA

Pre-Teaching Vocabulary in Context Using Background Knowledge and Visuals

Stacy Dougherty, Clara Barton Elementary, 1st Grade

Planning for Student Accountability in Small Groups

Adam Sanchez, Lincoln High School, African-American History

Planning an Effective Lesson Structure

Barbara Keating, Furness High School, World History

Planning & Using a Do Now as a Formative Assessment

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History  

Opening the Lesson: 4-12 ELA Curriculum Units

Chelsea Kimmel, Harding Middle School, 7th Grade ELA

Open Ended Teacher Questions

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1  

Multiple Methods for Checking for Understanding

Leah Henry-Beauchamp, West Philadelphia High School, Autistic Support

Modeling and Experiments in Science Education

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Making Inferences from Text

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Making AP Coursework Accessible, and the Importance of Primary Sources

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History

Lesson Planning and Differentiating for Specialist Teachers

Laura Nicholas, Richard Wright, 1st Grade Spanish

Lesson Opening and Text Introduction

Leira Rodriguez, Frankford High School, 9th-12th English Language Development

Leading the Next Generation of Women in the Building Trades

Evin Jarrett, Mayfair Elementary School, MS Building Trades

Kindergarten Phonics Saxon

Virginia Field, William Loesche, Kindergarten Phonics

IPP: Selecting Resources

Sheila Myers, Lamberton Elementary, 6th grade, ELA

Introduction to Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Introducing Vocabulary: Relevance and Engagement

Maxfield Arnosky, Amy Northwest Middle School, 8th Grade

Introducing Strategies for Calming Down

Keena Core, Mitchell Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Intentional Teaching during Small Groups in Pre-K

Lyndsey Ferraro, Pennell Head Start, Pre-K  

Intellectual Preparation: Engaging Students in Science

Eric Gold, Morrison Elementary, Middle School Science

Intellectual Prep: Designing a Lesson to Pique Students’ Interest

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA  

Intellectual Prep Process for Close Read Question

Melissa Freedman, Shawmont, 5th Grade ELA

Inquiry Based Learning

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Importance of Early Childhood Education

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

Goals and Standards

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

Getting Started with Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

From Initial Models to Consensus Model

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Formative Assessment: White Boards

Chris Angelini, Crossroads Accelerated Academy, 9th-12th Grades

Formative Assessment: Students Self-Rating

Kara Yanochko, Lingelbach Elementary, 8th Grade

Formative Assessment in High School

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Facilitating Productive Group Work with Google Classroom

Evin Jarrett, Mayfair School, MS Building Trades

Facilitating Number Talks

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary, 2nd Grade

Engaging Students (Virtually)

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History  

Engagement and Accountability in Virtual Instruction

Katrina Culley, Laura Waring, Kindergarten

Encouraging Student Discourse

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Drafting Essays

Kristian Ali, School Of The Future  

Creating Strategic Partnerships between Students

Shanelle Lockhart, Kensington High School, Career & Technical Education

Choosing Talk Moves

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Check for Understanding

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Building Positive Mathematical Mindset

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Benefits of Group Work

Michele Roland, Baldi Middle School

Approaches to African American History

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Anchoring Phenomenon

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Amplifying Coursework for English Learners through Collaboration and Technology

Evin Jarrett, Mayfair School, MS Building Trades

Accessing Complex Text

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History

Academic Vocabulary in the Science Classroom

Amber Johnson, Mayfair School, 7th Grade Science

“Letters Alive” in Pre-K Part 2: Application

Maria Purdy, William Cramp Elementary School, Pre-K Letters Alive

“Letters Alive” in Pre-K Part 1: Introduction

Maria Purdy, William Cramp Elementary, Pre-K Letters Alive

The components in Domain 2 consist of the interactions that occur in a classroom that are non-instructional.  These include: creating an environment of respect and rapport, establishing a culture for learning, managing classroom procedures, managing student behavior, and organizing physical space.

Working Together

Emily Wetzel, Baldi Middle School

Why Welding Matters

Anthony Rowe, Edison High School, Welding

Whole Group Reminder

Annette Cazley, Fels High School, ESOL

Whole Group Feedback When Practicing Routines

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Whole Group Discussion in a Number Talk

Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Partner Talk during Number Talks Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

We Do-Student Engagement in a Close Read Response Question

Melissa Freedman, Shawmont, 5th Grade ELA

Using Positive Narration to Build Urgency

Christine Sheffler, Phillip Sheridan School

Using Positive Narration & Sharing Students’ Work

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Using Norms to Create a Culture for Learning in the Science Classroom

Amber Johnson, Mayfair School, 7th Grade Science

Using Mental Math to Calculate Doubles

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Using Desmos in Math Virtual Lessons

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Using Classroom Expectations to Hold Students Accountable

Keena Core, Weir Mitchell Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Using Blended Learning to Differentiate

Rebecca Aguilera, A.L. Fitzpatrick, Middle School ELA To see Ms. Aguilera’s blended learning in action as she teaches her students how to transition from group to group, click HERE.

Using Anchor Charts

Catherine Memmolo, Kirkbride Elementary

Using a PBIS Reward System

Tamika Brown, Laura Waring, Kindergarten

Turn & Talk: Practicing the Routine

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Turn & Talk: Practicing Partnerships

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Transitions

Chris Jordan, E.W. Rhodes Elementary, 4th Grade

Transition Routine

Lisanne Brown, William Dick Elementary, Kindergarten

The Importance of Teaching Procedures

Rebecca Moats, Southwark School, Music

The Importance of Strong Relationships

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Teaching Turn and Talk

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary School, 1st Grade

Teaching Behavioral Self-Monitoring in the Primary Classroom

Amatise Ponzo, Mitchell Elementary School, 1st Grade  

Teaching and Practicing Transition Routines

Rebecca Aguilera, A.L. Fitzpatrick, 6th Grade

Teaching and Practicing Homophones

Augusto Heinerici, George Washington High School

Talk Moves: Share Your Partner’s Response, Not Your Own

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Supporting Student Learning in a Small Group

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Supporting Group Work

Michele Roland, Baldi Middle School

Students on Camera-Leveraging Student Relationships

Melissa Freedman, Shawmont, 5th Grade ELA

Student-to-Student Mentoring in a CTE Classroom

Charlene Fenster, Randolph Career Academy, 9th-12th Grades

Student-Led Routines

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Student Leadership in Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Student Engagement in Phenomenon-Based Learning

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Student Engagement

Melissa Freedman, Shawmont, 5th Grade ELA

Student Discourse in Elementary Math

Vanessa Smith, Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary, 2nd Grade Math

Student Collaboration: Comparing Math Solutions

Andrea Seigel, Carver High School of Engineering and Science, 9th-12th Grades

Structuring Conversations through Collaborative Discourse

Theresa Ann Capecci, Baldi Middle School

Strategies for Making Sense of Informational Text

Catherine Memmolo, Kirkbride Elementary

Strategies for Getting to Know Students

Thinh Thach, Kirkbride Elementary, 7th & 8th Grade  

Story-Driven Lesson in Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Starting the Day Off Right – Greeting Students at the Door

Jenniffer Stebulis / Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel Elementary, 2nd Grade

Starting a New Year Together

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Social Equity in the Classroom

Leira Rodriguez, Frankford High School, 9th-12th English Language Development

Social Emotional Learning in French Class

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Social and Emotional Development

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

Shout it out!

Christopher Frazer, Woodrow Wilson, 8th Grade ELA

Sharing Related Phenomena

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Setting Up the Classroom for Literacy

Kimberly Jones, William Loesche School, 5th Grade ELA

Setting Up a Classroom for Student Ownership

Kyrstin Franz, 3rd Grade, James Dobson School

Setting High Expectations for Students

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Setting Clear Expectations

Eric Gold, Morrison Elementary, Middle School Science

Self-Interruption

Jennifer Tustin, Lingelbach Elementary, 5th Grade

Self Interruption

Caitlin Wraith, E.M. Stanton Elementary, 2nd Grade

Scaffolding Talk Moves

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Scaffolding Models

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Routine in PreK

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

Reviewing Expectations for Number Talks

  Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary, 1st Grade To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Partner Talk during Number Talks Whole Group Discussion Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

Reviewing Expectations after Transition

Kelly Duggan, McCall Elementary, 3rd Grade

Reviewing Expectations

Tamika Brown, Laura Waring, Kindergarten

Responding to Students’ Interests in Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Respect, Classroom Management, and Self-Care

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Relationships in Classroom Management

Barbara Keating, Furness High School, World History

Redirection: Private Individual Correction

Megan Niedosik, Kensington High School, 9th-12th Grades

Redirection – Quick Word

Gina Conallen, Anne Frank Elementary, Kindergarten

Rapport and Encouragement

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1  

Questions for Comprehension in a Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Promoting Academic Risk Taking

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Productive Struggle in Phenomenon-Based Learning

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Procedure: Getting Students’ Attention

Donielle Melendez, Clara Barton, 2nd Grade

Priorities for the First Week of School

Kimberly Jones, William Loesche School, 5th Grade ELA

Pre-Reading Strategies: Picture Walk

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Moore Elementary, 1st Grade

Positive Narration

Jessica Freda, Henry H. Houston Elementary, Kindergarten

Positive Narration

Gina Conallen, Anne Frank Elementary, Kindergarten

Positive Narration

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Moore Elementary, 1st Grade

Positive Classroom Management

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Positive Behavior Management

Armando Tolliver, Edison High School

Personalizing and Responding to Students’ Interests in French Class

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Partner Talk during a Number Talk

Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary, 1st Grade To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Whole Group Discussion Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

Opening the Lesson: 4-12 ELA Curriculum Units

Chelsea Kimmel, Harding Middle School, 7th Grade ELA

Number Talks: Student Work Time

Christine Sheffler, Sheridan Elementary

Notice and Wonder Routine

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Nonverbal Procedure

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Moore Elementary, 1st Grade

Morning Entry Procedure

Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel, 1st Grade  

Managing Student Behavior and Communicating with Families

Vanessa Smith and Shantelle Yarbrough, Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary, 2nd Grade

Learning Through Play

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

Learning about Students

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Kindergarten Phonics- Using Kinesthetic Learning During Alphabet Activities Component of Saxon

Virginia Field, William Loesche, Kindergarten Phonics

Introduction to Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Introducing Vocabulary with Stories in Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish  

Introducing Strategies for Calming Down

Keena Core, Mitchell Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Integrating Equity in French Classes

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Inquiry Based Learning

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Injecting Urgency into a Transition

Annette Cazley, Fels High School, ESOL  

Incorporating Student Voice into Classroom Routines

Chloe Leech, Constitution High School, Math

How Phenomenon-Based Learning Supports English Learners

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Holding Students Accountable for Participation

Katie Schweitzer, Fels High School, Arts II

High School Morning Entry Routine

Barbara Keating, Furness High School, World History

Group Work and Discussion in an ESOL Classroom

Annette Cazley, Fels High School, ESOL

Group Problem Solving

Victor Hunter, Chester Arthur School, 6th Grade

Greeting During Morning Meeting

Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel, 1st Grade

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting-Reviewing Student Expectations

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting-Classroom Assistant and Teacher collaboration in supporting student

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting- Share

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting- Reviewing Schedule with Engagement

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Giving Strong Feedback

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Getting Students’ Attention: Thumbs Up Routine

Keena Core, Mitchell Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Getting Students’ Attention: Cheer

Nicole Rice-Hockaday, C.W. Henry Elementary, 1st Grade

Getting Students’ Attention

Jennifer Stebulis / Kamia Hoilett, Samuel Powel Elementary, 2nd Grade

Getting Students’ Attention

Andrea Seigel, Carver High School of Engineering and Science, 9th-12th Grades

Getting Students Attention

Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel Elementary School, 2nd Grade  

Getting Students Attention

Donielle Melendez, Clara Barton, 2nd Grade

From Initial Models to Consensus Model

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Fraction, Decimal, Percent Group Activity

Victor Hunter, Chester Arthur School, 6th Grade  

Focusing on the First Two Weeks

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Focus Area for Community Meeting

Tamika Brown, Laura Waring, Kindergarten Community Meeting

First Grade as a Family

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Facilitating Small Group Transitions

Jennifer Howse, George Washington High School, 9th-12th Grades  

Facilitating Number Talks

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary, 2nd Grade

Explaining Expectations with Scan for Compliance

Stacy Dougherty, Clara Barton Elementary, 1st Grade

Expecting 100% Students’ Attention

Jason Bui, Weir Mitchell Elementary, 2nd Grade

Exit and Entrance Routine

Rebecca Moats, Southwark School, Music

Establishing Routines & Procedures

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Equity in Science

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Engagement During Community Meeting

Tamika Brown, Laura Waring, Kindergarten Community Meeting

Engagement and Accountability in Virtual Instruction

Katrina Culley, Laura Waring, Kindergarten

Encouraging Students to Take Risks

Sean Ryan, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, Geometry  

Encouraging Student Discourse

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Empathizing with Students

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Embracing Mistakes

Jennifer Tustin, Lingelbach Elementary, 5th Grade

Embracing Error

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Elementary Morning Routine

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade    

ELA Small Group Instruction in K-2: Initial Sound Practice

Stephanie Gribbin, William Cramp School, K-2 Small Group Instruction (K-2)    

ELA Small Group Instruction in K-2: Diphthongs and Digraphs

Stephanie Gribbin, William Cramp School, K-2 ELA Small Group Instruction  

Effective Monitoring Using Point System

Kyrstin Franz, Dobson Elementary, 3rd Grade

Drafting Essays

Kristian Ali, School Of The Future  

Do Now

Katie Schweitzer, Fels High School, Arts II

Differentiation in High School Math

Sean Ryan, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, Geometry

Designing and Teaching Routines in a Blended Learning Classroom

Rebecca Aguilera, A.L.Fitzpatrick, Middle School ELA

Culture, Equity, and Justice in Spanish Classes

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Creating Strategic Partnerships between Students

Shanelle Lockhart, Kensington High School, Career & Technical Education

Creating Caring Connections

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Creating an Initial Model

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Creating a Safe Learning Environment

Lori Riggs, George Washington High School, Social Studies

Creating a Positive Learning Environment

Deborah Rinaldi, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, English

Consensus Model Discussion

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Connecting with Students from Day One

Augusto Heinerici, High School English

Connecting Procedures to Purpose

Catherine Memmolo, Middle School English

Clear Expectations and Positive Reinforcement

Caitlin Wraith, E.M. Stanton Elementary, 2nd Grade

Clear Directions for a Moving Activity

Emily Wetzel, Baldi Middle School

Clear Directions Followed by Positive Narration

Lisanne Brown, William Dick Elementary, Kindergarten

Class Participation Self-assessment

Laura Nicholas, Richard Wright, 1st Grade Spanish

Circulating to Support Students in Annotating Texts

Alexandra Longo, Vare-Washington Elementary

Circulating During Practice

Rebecca Moats, Southwark School, Music

Choosing Talk Moves

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Building Understanding through Collaborative Discussion

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Building Respectful Relationships

Catherine Memmolo, Middle School English

Building Relationships to Support Students Academically

Sean Ryan, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, Geometry

Building Relationships

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Building Rapport with a Share Routine

Chloe Leech, Constitution High School, Math

Building Rapport Between Students

Lori Riggs, George Washington High School, Social Studies

Building Rapport Around High Expectations

Jennifer Stebulis / Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel Elementary, 2nd Grade

Building Community through Greetings

Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel Elementary School, 1st Grade

Book Handling Instructions

Aileen Lynch, Weir Mitchell Elementary, Kindergarten

Best Practices for Facilitating Discussion

Krista Ruddick, Edison High School, ELA

Benefits of Career & Technical Education

Shanelle Lockhart, Kensington High School, Career & Technical Education

Being Vulnerable with Students

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Affirming while Redirecting

Annette Cazley, Fels High School, ESOL

Addressing Student Behavior: Cell Phones

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Addressing a Whole Group Misconception

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Actively Facilitating Learning through Group Work

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics  

Active Monitoring and Leveraging Relationships

Jan Cohen, Kensington High School, Spanish

Active Monitoring

Chloe Leech, Constitution High School, Math  

The components in Domain 3 are what constitute the core of teaching – the engagement of students in a learning context.  These include: communicating with students, using questioning and discussion techniques, engaging students in learning, using assessment in instruction, and demonstrating flexibility and responsiveness.

Working Together

Emily Wetzel, Baldi Middle School

Why Number Talks?

Deidre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary, 1st Grade To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Partner Talk during Number Talks Whole Group Discussion

Whole-Class Science Lab

Armando Tolliver, Edison High School, Science  

Whole Group Discussion in a Number Talk

Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Partner Talk during Number Talks Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

We Do-Student Engagement in a Close Read Response Question

Melissa Freedman, Shawmont, 5th Grade ELA

Wait Time with Positive Reinforcement

Caitlin Wraith, E.M. Stanton Elementary, 2nd Grade

Vocabulary Activity: Focused Questioning to Facilitate Discussion

Ellen Abitbol, Anne Frank Elementary, 2nd Grade

Utilizing Prior Knowledge

Maxfield Arnosky, Amy Northwest Middle School, 8th Grade

Using Turn and Talk to Prime Student Thinking

Kimberly Jones, William Loesche School

Using Questions to Clarify Misconceptions

Derrick Houck, Building 21, High School Physics

Using Positive Narration to Build Urgency

Christine Sheffler, Phillip Sheridan School

Using Metacognition to Reinforce Comprehension Skills

Stacy Dougherty, Clara Barton Elementary, 1st Grade

Using Mental Math to Calculate Doubles

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Using Games to Facilitate Student Practice

Jan Cohen, Kensington High School, Spanish

Using Exit Tickets for Lesson Reflection

Christopher Frazer, Woodrow Wilson, 8th Grade ELA

Using Evidence to Support a Claim in Science Class

Amber Johnson, Mayfair School, 7th Grade Science

Using Desmos in Math Virtual Lessons

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Using Data to Inform Instruction

Rebecca Aguilera, A.L. Fitzpatrick, Middle School ELA

Using Blended Learning to Differentiate

Rebecca Aguilera, A.L. Fitzpatrick, Middle School ELA To see Ms. Aguilera’s blended learning in action as she teaches her students how to transition from group to group, click HERE.

Using Asynchronous Responses to Inform Synchronous Instruction

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Using a Small Group to Differentiate

Caitlin Nelson, Hon. Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary School

Using a Hook to Introduce Letter Writing

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Unpacking the Objective in Elementary ELA

Shantelle Yarbrough, Hon. Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Unpacking the Objective

Katie Schweitzer, Fels High School, Arts II

Turn & Talk: Practicing the Routine

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Turn & Talk: Practicing Partnerships

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Thumbs Up Routine: Ready to Move On

Keena Core, Weir Mitchell Elementary, 2nd Grade

The Role of Equity in the 2nd Grade Classroom

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Text Centered Group Discussion

McKenna Fielder, Allen Stearne Elementary, 4th Elementary

Text Anticipation with Poetry

Jenna Beck, Vare-Washington Elementary

Teaching Vocabulary through Context Clues

Caitlin Nelson, Hon. Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary School

Teaching Vocabulary in an ESOL Classroom

Annette Cazley, Fels High School, ESOL

Teaching Turn and Talk

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary School, 1st Grade

Teaching Phonemic Awareness

Katrina Culley, Laura Waring, Kindergarten Phonics

Teaching College Budget Creation

Jessica Way, Franklin Learning Center

Teaching Autistic Support in High School

Leah Henry-Beauchamp, West Philadelphia High School, Autistic Support

Teaching Angles in Geometry

Sean Ryan, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, Geometry

Teaching and Practicing Homophones

Augusto Heinerici, George Washington High School

Teaching a New Letter with Writing Practice

Katrina Culley, Laura Waring, Kindergarten Phonics  

Teacher Reflection: Planning and Carrying Out Investigations

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science

Teacher Reflection: Analyzing and Interpreting Data

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science

Teacher Model: How to Write a Letter

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Talk Moves: What Might You Say Next?

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science In this clip, you’ll see multiple students discussing their ideas on how hail is formed.  As the teacher in this class, what might you say after each student’s statement?  Check out THIS resource from the Inquiry Project to help you determine how to facilitate this productive…

Talk Moves: Share Your Partner’s Response, Not Your Own

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Talk Moves

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science   Check out this quick clip of Mrs. Shaw reflecting on how she uses Talk Moves in the classroom:

Taking Turns During Turn & Talk

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Elementary, First Grade

Supporting Students to Make Sense of Text

Jillian McManus, Vare-Washington Elementary  

Supporting Student Learning in a Small Group

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA

Supporting Group Work

Michele Roland, Baldi Middle School

Students Asking Text-Based Questions

Krista Ruddick, Edison High School, ELA  

Student-to-Student Mentoring in a CTE Classroom

Charlene Fenster, Randolph Career Academy, 9th-12th Grades

Student-Led Discussions

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science Check out this short clip of Mrs. Shaw reflecting on student-led discussions in her classroom by clicking HERE.  

Student Sense-Making: Making Predictions Based on Prior Knowledge

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science

Student Questions

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Student Leadership in Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Student Engagement in Phenomenon-Based Learning

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Student Discourse in Elementary Math

Vanessa Smith, Luis Munoz-Marin Elementary, 2nd Grade Math

Student Collaboration: Comparing Math Solutions

Andrea Seigel, Carver High School of Engineering and Science, 9th-12th Grades

Structuring Conversations through Collaborative Discourse

Theresa Ann Capecci, Baldi Middle School

Strategies for Student Engagement

Laura Nicholas, Richard Wright, 1st Grade Spanish

Strategies for Making Sense of Informational Text

Catherine Memmolo, Kirkbride Elementary

Story-Driven Lesson in Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Steps for Close Reading

Sheila Myers, Lamberton Elementary, 6th grade, ELA

Starting the Day Off Right – Greeting Students at the Door

Jenniffer Stebulis / Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel Elementary, 2nd Grade

Starting a New Year Together

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Standards for Mathematical Practices: Making Sense of Problems

Victor Hunter, Chester Arthur School, 6th Grade

Standards for Mathematical Practice: Making Sense of Quantities

Jennifer Tustin, Anna L. Lingelbach Elementary, 5th Grade

Specific Feedback-Independent Reading During Guided Reading

Kelly Cleary, William Dick Elementary, 1st Grade

Solidifying Student Learning

Carol Cassidy, McClure Elementary, 1st Grade Math

Social Emotional Learning in French Class

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Social and Emotional Learning Through Literacy

Sera Anello, Anne Frank Elementary School, 4th Grade

Small Vocabulary Skills Build to a Bigger Picture

Augusto Heinerici, Baldi Middle School

Shout it out!

Christopher Frazer, Woodrow Wilson, 8th Grade ELA

Sharing Related Phenomena

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Shared Reading and Accountability Talk

Tess Briggs, S. Weir Mitchell Elementary, 1st Grade

Setting the Purpose for Reading

Judith Longello. Pennypacker Elementary, Kindergarten

Setting the Purpose by Communicating the Objective

Deborah Rinaldi, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, English

Setting Students Up to Read Informational Text

Catherine Memmolo, Kirkbride Elementary

Setting High Expectations for Students

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Sequencing Questions

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Scaffolding Talk Moves

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Scaffolding Models

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Saxon Phonics Full Lesson

Rebecca Toll, William Cramp School, Kindergarten

Reviewing Vocabulary with Turn and Talk

Meg Merlini, McCall Elementary, 4th Grade

Reviewing Expectations for Number Talks

  Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary, 1st Grade To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Partner Talk during Number Talks Whole Group Discussion Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

Responding to Students’ Interests in Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Responding to Checks for Understanding

Keena Core, Weir Mitchell Elementary, 2nd Grade

Respect, Classroom Management, and Self-Care

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Reflection: Student-Led Discussions

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science  

Reflection: Facilitating 3-Dimensional Science Instruction

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science  

Read Aloud in Pre-K

Patti Pedrick, McKinley Head Start, Pre-K

Rapport and Encouragement

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1  

Questions for Comprehension in a Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish

Promoting Academic Risk Taking

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Productive Struggle in Phenomenon-Based Learning

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

Previewing Vocabulary

Leira Rodriguez, Frankford High School, 9th-12th English Language Development

Preparing for Discussion

Krista Ruddick, Edison High School, ELA

Pre-Teaching Vocabulary in Context Using Background Knowledge and Visuals

Stacy Dougherty, Clara Barton Elementary, 1st Grade

Pre-Reading Strategies: Picture Walk

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Moore Elementary, 1st Grade

Post Reading Comprehension Discussion

Kelly Cleary, William Dick Elementary, 1st Grade  

Positive Narration

Jessica Freda, Henry H. Houston Elementary, Kindergarten

Positive Narration

Gina Conallen, Anne Frank Elementary, Kindergarten

Positive Narration

Nicole Corkery, Hampton Moore Elementary, 1st Grade

Positive Classroom Management

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations: Planning

Adell Shaw, William H. Ziegler Elementary, 6th Grade Science   Also, check out this clip of Mrs. Shaw reflecting on this part of the lesson:

Planning and Carrying Out Investigations in a 7th Grade Science Class

Amber Johnson, Mayfair School, 7th Grade Science

Planning an Effective Lesson Structure

Barbara Keating, Furness High School, World History

Planning & Using a Do Now as a Formative Assessment

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History  

Piano Practice Routine in Music Class

Rebecca Moats, Southwark School, Music

Phonological Awareness: Full Lesson

Rebecca Toll, William Cramp School, Kindergarten

Personalizing and Responding to Students’ Interests in French Class

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Partner Talk during a Number Talk

Deirdre Potter, Kirkbride Elementary, 1st Grade To view more of Ms. Potter’s Number Talk videos, click the links below: Reviewing Expectations during Number Talks Whole Group Discussion Why Number Talks? (Teacher Interview)

Participation Grades in Music Class

Rebecca Moats, Southwark School, Music

Opening the Lesson: 4-12 ELA Curriculum Units

Chelsea Kimmel, Harding Middle School, 7th Grade ELA

Open Ended Teacher Questions

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1  

Number Talks: Student Work Time

Christine Sheffler, Sheridan Elementary

Number Talks – Full Routine

Christine Sheffler, Sheridan Elementary

Number Talks – Discussion

Christine Sheffler, Sheridan Elementary

Notice and Wonder Routine

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Multiple Methods for Checking for Understanding

Leah Henry-Beauchamp, West Philadelphia High School, Autistic Support

Morning Entry Procedure

Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel, 1st Grade  

More Active Monitoring in Geometry

Sean Ryan, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, Mathematics

Modeling/Non-Verbal Communication

Caitlin Nelson, Luis Munoz Marin Elementary School

Modeling and Experiments in Science Education

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Math Multiple Games 1 – Fluency

Chris Jordan, E.W. Rhodes Elementary, 4th Grade

Math Fluency – Multiple Games 2

Chris Jordan, E. W. Rhodes Elementary, 4th Grade

Manipulatives for Science Concepts

Fern Dan, Baldi Middle School, 7th Grade

Manipulatives

Lisa Hantman, McCall Elementary, 3rd Grade

Making Text to Text Connections

Gina Conallen, Anne Frank Elementary, Kindergarten

Making Student Thinking Visible

Carrie Pacini, Feltonville Intermediate, 5th grade math

Making Inferences from Text

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary School, 2nd Grade

Making AP Coursework Accessible, and the Importance of Primary Sources

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History

Lesson Review with Cold Calling

Kathryn Harris, Olney Elementary, 7th Grade

Lesson Opening and Text Introduction

Leira Rodriguez, Frankford High School, 9th-12th English Language Development

Learning Through Play

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

Learning Language Through Storytelling

Laura Nicholas, Richard Wright, 1st Grade Spanish

Learning about Students

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Kindergarten Phonics- Using Kinesthetic Learning During Alphabet Activities Component of Saxon

Virginia Field, William Loesche, Kindergarten Phonics

Kindergarten Phonics- Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Component of Saxon

Virginia Field, William Loesche, Kindergarten Phonics

Kindergarten Phonics- Daily Letter, Sound, and Spelling Review

Virginia Field, William Loesche, Kindergarten Phonics

Kindergarten Phonics- Classroom Practice and Fluency Practice

Virginia Field, William Loesche, Kindergarten Phonics

Introduction to Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Introducing Vocabulary: Relevance and Engagement

Maxfield Arnosky, Amy Northwest Middle School, 8th Grade

Introducing Vocabulary with Stories in Spanish Class

Daniel Reyes, Paul Robeson High School, 10th Grade Spanish  

Introducing the Formative Task

Carrie Pacini, Feltonville Intermediate, 5th grade math

Introducing New Foreign Language Words

Jenn Gentlesk, Masterman High School, 9th-12th Grades

Introducing A Poem – Building Background

Sheila Myers, Lamberton Elementary, 6th grade, ELA

Intro to New Material

Nicole Paulino-Trisdorfer, C.W. Henry Elementary, 2nd Grade

Intentional Teaching during Small Groups in Pre-K

Lyndsey Ferraro, Pennell Head Start, Pre-K  

Intellectual Preparation: Engaging Students in Science

Eric Gold, Morrison Elementary, Middle School Science

Intellectual Prep: Designing a Lesson to Pique Students’ Interest

Allison Boyd, McCall Elementary, Grade 2 ELA  

Integration of Phonics into the Morning Routine

Tamika Brown, Laura Waring, Kindergarten ELA

Integrating Equity in French Classes

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Inquiry Based Learning and Teacher Questioning

Katie Schweitzer, Fels High School, Arts II

Inquiry Based Learning

Tracy Saltz, Creative and Performing Arts High School, Algebra 1

Inquiry Based Learning

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Incentives for Mathematical Fact Fluency

Christine Sheffler, Sheridan Elementary

Importance of Early Childhood Education

Veronica Carfagno, Kirkbride Elementary

I Do-Direct Instruction – Close Read Response Question

Melissa Freedman, Shawmont, 5th Grade ELA

How Phenomenon-Based Learning Supports English Learners

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science

High School Morning Entry Routine

Barbara Keating, Furness High School, World History

High Expectations: Full Sentences

Keena Core. Weir Michell Elementary, 2nd Grade

Group Problem Solving

Victor Hunter, Chester Arthur School, 6th Grade

Greeting During Morning Meeting

Kamia Smith, Samuel Powel, 1st Grade

Gradual Release Model in a High School English Classroom

Deborah Rinaldi, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, English

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting-Student Engagement

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting-Reviewing Student Expectations

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting- Share

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Grades 3-5 AS Community Meeting- Reviewing Schedule with Engagement

Kelly Adams, Laura Waring, 3rd-5th Autistic Support

Giving Strong Feedback

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Getting Started with Socratic Seminar

Alicia Williams, Furness High School, AP US Government

Generating Research Questions

Kristian Ali, School Of The Future  

From Initial Models to Consensus Model

Chelsea Maher, Woodrow Wilson Middle School, 8th Grade Science  

Fraction, Decimal, Percent Group Activity

Victor Hunter, Chester Arthur School, 6th Grade  

Formative Assessments in French Classes

Halana Dash, Kensington CAPA, 10th-12th Grade French

Formative Assessment: White Boards

Chris Angelini, Crossroads Accelerated Academy, 9th-12th Grades

Formative Assessment: Students Self-Rating

Kara Yanochko, Lingelbach Elementary, 8th Grade

Formative Assessment in High School

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Focusing on the First Two Weeks

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Focused Questioning

Aileen Lynch, S Weir Mitchell Elementary, Kindergarten

Focused Direct Instruction to Prep for Reading: Figurative Language

Angela Iovine, Kensington Health Sciences Academy, 9th-12th Grades

First Grade as a Family

Kamia Smith, 1st Grade

Facilitating Small Group Transitions

Jennifer Howse, George Washington High School, 9th-12th Grades  

Facilitating Peer Critiques

Cynthia Holmes, Baldi Middle School  

Facilitating Number Talks

Joanna Schwartz, Kirkbride Elementary, 2nd Grade

Facilitating Discussion: Turn and Talk

Donielle Melendez, Clara Barton Elementary, 2nd Grade

Facilitating Class Discussions

Theresa Ann Capecci, Baldi Middle School

Facilitating a Whole Group Academic Discussion

Fern Dan, Baldi Middle School, 7th Grade

Facilitating a Discussion: Turn and Talk

Keena Core, Weir Mitchell Elementary, 2nd Grade

Exploring Student Thinking

Carol Cassidy, McClure Elementary, 1st Grade Math

Explaining Expectations with Scan for Compliance

Stacy Dougherty, Clara Barton Elementary, 1st Grade

Experiential Learning in a Virtual Environment

David Flannelly, Constitution High School, 9th-12th Chemistry

Expecting Academic Language

Andrea Seigel, Carver High School of Engineering and Science, 9th-12th Grades

Equity in Science

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Engaging Students in Learning

Leah Henry-Beauchamp, West Philadelphia High School, Autistic Support

Engaging Students (Virtually)

Eric Scheetz, West Philadelphia High School, AP US History  

Engaging All Students in African-American History

Adam Sanchez, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th grade African-American History

Engagement and Accountability in Virtual Instruction

Katrina Culley, Laura Waring, Kindergarten

Encouraging Students to Take Risks

Sean Ryan, Kensington Creative and Performing Arts High School, Geometry  

Encouraging Student Participation

Alexandra Longo, Vare-Washington Elementary School

Encouraging Student Discourse

Paula Miller, Lincoln High School, 9th-12th Robotics

Encouraging Participation

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Empathizing with Students

Stacey Lackey, George Washington High School

Embracing Mistakes

Jennifer Tustin, Lingelbach Elementary, 5th Grade

Embracing Error

Derrick Houck, Building 21, AP Physics

Elaborating on Your Thinking

Jillian McManus, Vare-Washington Elementary

ELA Small Group Instruction in K-2: Initial Sound Practice

Stephanie Gribbin, William Cramp School, K-2 Small Group Instruction (K-2)    

ELA Small Group Instruction in K-2: Diphthongs and Digraphs

Stephanie Gribbin, William Cramp School, K-2 ELA Small Group Instruction